The first ATT Monitor Case Study explores how the entry into force of the ATT could make a meaningful difference to the conflict in South Sudan.
South Sudan has suffered internal and cross-border armed conflict both prior to and since the country’s independence in 2011. More than two million people have been displaced by violence which has continued despite several failed attempts to reach cease-fire agreements.
This case study examines the principal sources of the weapons – including their transfer mechanisms – that are in use in the current conflict in South Sudan. The country has obtained arms and ammunition from a number of key sources, including both small arms and powerful explosive weapons like battle tanks and rocket launchers. Although there is very little official data on the types and quantities of arms transfers to South Sudan, this case study identifies weapons transfers that have continued throughout the recent crisis.
Finally, the case study explores how the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) could potentially address such arms transfers, and thereby contribute to saving lives and promoting peace in South Sudan, and the wider region.